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xDSL Family

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ADSL – Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
RADSL – Rate adaptive Digital Subscriber Line
VDSL – Very high Bit rate Digital Subscriber Line
HDSL – High Bit rate Digital Subscriber Line
SDSL – Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line
There are some characteristics included in all of the DSL technologies. When we consider the bandwidths of these DSL technologies are depends on the length of the loop (distance to the central office from the user end). 
ADSL
In ADSL there are many versions. They are ADSL, ADSL2, ADSL2+, The Downlink and Uplink will depend on this versions. The data transfer rates downstream are much faster than the upstream data rates in ADSL.
The data rate of ADSL is highly dependent upon the distance from the Central Office (CO) to the Consumer Premises (CPE). At a distance of 9000 ft we can achieve 8 Mbps downstream and while at 18000 ft we can only get 1.544 Mbps downstream. ADSL operates at frequencies above 4 kHz, typically from 30 kHz to 1.1 MHz (Upstream is in the range from 30 kHz to 138 kHz, downstream ranges from 138 kHz, to ~1.1 MHz).
Applications
ADSL is used by home consumers and many small business owners who mainly want to download files. It is used for carrying voice, data and video at reasonable rate. We can download large data files, streaming video, audio, and multimedia from the Internet fast. But, generally, cannot upload much more than e-mail messages.
 RADSL
RADSLstands for Rate Adaptive Digital Subscriber Line. Rate Adaptive simply means that the speed of the connection is adjusted to meet the line conditions that each transmit and receive unit sees. And the upstream is 128kbps – 1Mbps and downstream 600kbps – 7Mbps.RADSL same as ADSL but the distance will increase due to adjustment of streams.
Applications
RADSL is used by home consumers and many small business owners who mainly want to download files and small uploads. It is used for carrying voice, data and video at reasonable rate.
VDSL
This is the fastest DSL technology. VDSL stand for Very high bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line. Not like other DSL technologies the capacity of the link depends on the service offering and spectrum regulations. It has 55.2 Mbps of download speed and 16 Mbps Upstream over single twisted pair. And it has 34 Mbps of download speed and upstream if the link is symmetric. It uses much wider bandwidth than ADSL IT also depends on loop condition.
Applications
VDSL is capable of supporting high bandwidth applications such as HDTV as well as telephone services (VOIP) and high quality video conferencing.
HDSL
HDSL stands for High-bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line. The main characteristic of HDSL is that it is symmetrical. That means an equal amount of bandwidth is available in both directions. HDSL can carry as much on a single wire of twisted-pair cable as can be carried on a T1 line (up to 1.544 Mbps) in North America or an E1 line (up to 2.048 Mbps) in Europe over a somewhat longer range and is considered an alternative to a T1 or E1 connection.
The primary disadvantage of HDSL is that it requires two twisted pairs of wires to operate, which increases the deployment cost for service providers. Also, HDSL does not support Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS) on the same lines as the data.
Applications
It uses for business applications, server access in large organizations and traditional T1 roles.

SDSL
SDSL Broadband provides a high-speed internet access service, with matching upstream and downstream data rates ranging from several speeds from 128kbit/s to 2Mbit/s. Unlike ADSL, it cannot co-exist with a conventional voice service on the same pair as it takes over the entire bandwidth. So using your phone line and the SDSL simultaneously is impossible. It typically falls in price between ADSL and T-1, and it is mainly targeted at small and medium businesses who may host a server on site.
Applications
Medium businesses who need to host a server on site, high quality video conferencing and multiple voice lines.
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xDSL Family | Gunawan | 4.5